ロシアの創造論情勢 2010

"The time has come for the monopoly of Darwinism and the deceptive idea that science in general contradicts religion. These ideas should be left in the past," senior Russian Orthodox Archbishop Hilarion said at a lecture in Moscow.

"Darwin's theory remains a theory. This means it should be taught to children as one of several theories, but children should know of other theories too."


Hilarion heads the Church's external relations department. His lecture to Russian Foreign Ministry officials in Moscow was dedicated to fighting "fanatical secularism" of liberals hostile to religion, and called for dialogue with moderate secularists and cooperation with Catholics against common foes.


[Conor Humphries: "Russia Church wants end to Darwin school "monopoly" (2010/06/09) by Reuters]
言っていることは、米国の福音主義キリスト教徒の創造論者と何ら違うところがない。その点をThe Clergy Letter Projectを率いるMichael Zimmermanは指摘する。
Religious fundamentalists have begun promoting creationism in Russia -- and they are doing so using many of the same strategies and buzzwords adopted by fellow extremists in the United States.

All of this is painfully similar to the rhetoric being promoted by the religious right in the United States. Archbishop Hilarion's "fanatical secularism" sounds just like the Discovery Institute's call for the "overthrow of materialism and its cultural legacies" and its related cry for a new type of science: "Design theory promises to reverse the stifling dominance of the materialist worldview, and to replace it with a science consonant with Christian and theistic convictions."

このすべてが米国の宗教右翼によって宣伝される痛々しいレトリックに似ている。Hilarion大主教の「熱狂的世俗主義」はDiscovery Insituteの「唯物論とその文化的遺産を転覆させよう」という呼びかけや、これに関連した「デザイン理論は唯物論者の世界観の抑圧支配を転覆し、キリスト教と湯新論の信念と調和した科学に置き換えること約束する」新しい科学などと同じように聞こえる。

[Michael Zimmerman:"Russian Creationism Sounds Frighteningly Familiar" (2010/06/14) on HuffingtonPost]

Poll data about the acceptance of evolution in Russia is mixed: a 2005 poll reportedly found 26% of Russians accepting evolution and 49% accepting creationism, but a 2003 poll reported that 44% agreed with "Human beings are developed from earlier species of animals"), and a 2009 poll reported (PDF) that 48% of Russians who "know something about Charles Darwin and his theory of evolution" agreed that there was sufficient evidence for the theory. (In comparison, only 41% of Americans agreed.)

As for what ought to be taught in the schools, it seems that Alfeyev's proposal might be popular. The same 2009 poll indicated (PDF) that 53% of Russians agreed with "Evolutionary theories should be taught in science lessons in schools together with other possible perspectives, such as intelligent design and creationism," with 13% preferring that such perspectives be taught instead of evolution; only 10% agreed with "Evolutionary theories alone should be taught in science lessons in schools."



[Creationism in Russia? (2010/06/10) on NCSE]

Yet despite the lead sentence in the Reuters story, it is unclear whether the Church is endorsing Alefeyev's call. According to Inga Levit, Uwe Hossfeld, and Lennart Olsson, discussing "Creationism in the Russian Educational Landscape" in Reports of the NCSE in 2007, the Russian Orthodox Church "has no officially declared position toward 'scientific creationism' ... [which] plays no significant role in official theological discourse, but unofficially remains a significant part of the Orthodox theological landscape."

[Creationism in Russia? (2010/06/10) on NCSE]

posted by Kumicit at 2010/06/16 00:01 | Comment(0) | TrackBack(0) | News | このブログの読者になる | 更新情報をチェックする



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