ケンタッキー州の反進化論州法(1976, 1990)

[158.177 Teaching of evolution -- Right to include Bible theory of creation.

(1) In any public school instruction concerning the theories of the creation of man and the earth, and which involves the theory thereon commonly known as evolution, any teacher so desiring may include as a portion of such instruction the theory of creation as presented in the Bible, and may accordingly read such passages in the Bible as are deemed necessary for instruction on the theory of creation, thereby affording students a choice as to which such theory to accept.


(2) For those students receiving such instruction, and who accept the Bible theory of creation, credit shall be permitted on any examination in which adherence to such theory is propounded, provided the response is correct according to the instruction received.


(3) No teacher in a public school may stress any particular denominational religious belief.


(4) This section is not to be construed as being adverse to any decision which has been rendered by any court of competent jurisdiction.


Effective: July 13, 1990
History: Repealed and reenacted 1990 Ky. Acts ch. 476, Pt. V, sec. 403, effective July
13, 1990. -- Created 1976 Ky. Acts ch. 261, sec. 1.
ただし、2005年12月のインテリジェントデザインを理科で教えるのは政教分離原則違反という判決の前から、インテリジェントデザインを教えている学校はなかった。また、創造科学を理科の授業で教えることを違憲とする1987年のEdwards v. Aguillard連邦最高裁判決があるため、事実上、この反進化論州法は機能しない。
posted by Kumicit at 2012/01/22 09:54 | Comment(0) | TrackBack(0) | Creationism | このブログの読者になる | 更新情報をチェックする



英国におけるFree Schoolとは「all-ability state-funded schools set up in response to what local people say they want and need in order to improve education for children in their community (コミュニティの子供たちの教育を改善するために地域住民が求め・必要とするものに応じて設立される政府資金による学校)」である。

An evangelical church, which intends to teach creationism as part of its science curriculum, has submitted a proposal to open a free school in Nottinghamshire.


Pastor Gareth Morgan, the church leader and the driving force behind the free school bid, confirmed that creationism would be taught across the curriculum, should the school be given the green light. "Creationism will be taught as the belief of the leadership of the school," Pastor Morgan said. "It will not be taught exclusively in the sciences, for example. At the same time, evolution will be taught as a theory."

教会の指導者でフリースクールの推進者であるGareth Morgan牧師は、カリキュラムの中で創造論を教えることを確認し、申請中の学校が承認されるべきだと述べた。「創造論は学校の指導原理として信仰として教える。理科の授業では創造論だけを教えることはない、同時に進化論を理論として教える」

[Richard Vaughan: "Evangelicals' free school would include creationism on science curriculum" (2011/02/04) on TES]
これに関連して、Guardianの2012年1月15日の報道(via nofrills)によれば...
The Department for Education has revised its model funding agreement, allowing the education secretary to withdraw cash from schools that fail to meet strict criteria relating to what they teach. Under the new agreement, funding will be withdrawn for any free school that teaches what it claims are "evidence-based views or theories" that run "contrary to established scientific and/or historical evidence and explanations".

Free schools, which are state-funded and run by local people or organisations, do not need to follow the national curriculum. Scientific groups have expressed concerns that their spread will see a reduction in the teaching of evolution in the classroom.

A BHA campaign, called "Teach evolution, not creationism", saw 30 leading scientists and educators call on the government to introduce statutory guidance against the teaching of creationism. The group said if the government would not support the call, an explicit amendment to the wording of the funding agreement could have the same effect. Last week the Department for Education confirmed it had amended the agreement, although a spokesman denied it was the result of pressure from scientists. ... "We will not accept any academy or free school proposal which plans to teach creationism in the science curriculum or as an alternative to accepted scientific theories," the spokesman said, adding that "all free school proposals will be subject to due diligence checks by the department's specialist team".

A spokeswoman for the BHA said: "The government's new wording is quite wide and in practice could prevent those who promote extreme religious or particular spiritual or pseudoscientific approaches from including them as part of the school curriculum as science or as evidence-based."


[Richard Dawkins celebrates a victory over creationists -- Free schools that teach 'intelligent design' as science will lose funding (2012/01/15) on The Guardian via nofrills]
posted by Kumicit at 2012/01/16 07:10 | Comment(0) | TrackBack(0) | Creationism | このブログの読者になる | 更新情報をチェックする



NYS Assemblyman Steven Cymbrowitz called yesterday’s New York State Board of Regents vote exempting Yeshivas and parochial schools from the provisions of the Dignity for All Students Act that require them to include situations contrary to their religious beliefs in lessons when teaching about tolerance, an important protection of our constitutional guarantee of freedom of religion.

ニューヨーク州下院議員Steven Cymbrowitzは昨日(2012/01/09)のニューヨーク州教育評議委員会で、正統派ユダヤ人学校および教区学校を、寛容の教育時に彼らの宗教信条に反する状況を義務付ける"Dignity for All Students Act"(全生徒尊厳州法)について、憲法が定める信教の自由の重要な保護として、条項例外とする採決を求めた。

The Dignity for All Students Act (article 2 of section 801[a] of New York State’s Education Law), which was signed into law in September 2010, but takes effect next July 1st, requires all New York State schools to provide instruction in civility, citizenship and character education by expanding the concepts of tolerance, respect for others and dignity to include an awareness and sensitivity in the relations of people, including but not limited to different races, weights, national origins, ethnic groups, religions, religious practices, mental or physical abilities, sexual orientations, gender identity or expression and sexes. Age appropriate lessons must begin in the earliest grades and continue through high school.



“I know that parents choose to send their children to either yeshivas or parochial schools because they know that the curriculum will be consistent with their religious beliefs. This is important on both a personal and constitutional level. Parents may now feel secure that because of the Board of Regents’ vote, their children will not be subjected to lessons that are inconsistent with their religious doctrines,” Cymbrowitz stated.

「保護者が、カリキュラムが宗教信条と合致していることを知っていて、正統派ユダヤ人学校および教区学校に子供を通わせている。これは個人レベルでも憲法レベルでも重要である。保護者は、州教育評議委員会の採決により、子供たちが宗教信条に反する教育を受けずに済むことを確認して、安心しただろう」とニューヨーク州下院議員Steven Cymbrowitzは述べた。

[NYS Board Of Regents’ Vote Protects Students From Curriculum That Is Inconsistent With Their Religious Beliefs (2012/01/10) on Th Yehiva World]
レビ記 / 20章 13節
創世記 / 9章 24-27節
posted by Kumicit at 2012/01/14 14:56 | Comment(0) | TrackBack(0) | Creationism | このブログの読者になる | 更新情報をチェックする


a stopped clock

Even a broken clock is right twice a day」あるいは「a stopped clock is right twice a day」というイディオム。意味は
A normally unreliable person or instrument can occasionally provide correct information, even if only by accident.

Without a frame of reference, there is no way of knowing when a stopped clock is right... or not.

たとえば、Ron WyattやCarl Baughは、創造論者たちからも止まった時計とみなさている。
[創造論サイド > 創造論者が使ってはいけない論>「Many of Carl Baugh’s creation ‘evidences’(Carl Baughの主張する創造論の証拠)」]

Sorry to say, we think that he’s well meaning but that he unfortunately uses a lot of material that is not sound scientifically. So we advise against relying on any ‘evidence’ he provides, unless supported by creationist organisations with reputations for Biblical and scientific rigour. Unfortunately, there are talented creationist speakers with reasonably orthodox understandings of Genesis who continue to promote some of the Wyatt and Baugh ‘evidences’ despite being approached on the matter.

残念がら、我々は彼が善意の人だと考えているが、彼は運悪く、科学的に正しくない証拠を多く使っている。聖書的にも科学的厳格においても評価の高い創造論者が支持しないかぎり、彼の提示する証拠は信頼しない方がいい。残念ながら、リーズナブルにオーソドックスな創世記理解している優秀な創造論者が、Ron WyattやCarl Baughの「証拠」を宣伝している。
でも、特にRon Wyatt[1933-1999]は、行動力があり(インディ・ジョーンズのモデルのひとり)、あやしいけど人を引付ける楽しいネタ故に、死後も人気がある。

posted by Kumicit at 2011/12/25 13:30 | Comment(0) | TrackBack(0) | Creationism | このブログの読者になる | 更新情報をチェックする


神がいると科学は成立しないと言ってたHenry M. Morris

「神が存在して、神が世界を創造した」ことを前提とするとき、地質学がどうなるのか? もちろん、神が答えない限り、何もわからなくなるというのが正解。そのように、現在の"若い地球の創造論"の父たるHenry M. Morris[1918-2005]は書いている:
“True creation necessarily involves creation of an ‘appearance of age’…. We insist as emphatically as we know how that the doctrine of creation of apparent age does not in the remotest degree involve a divine deception, but is rather inherent in the very nature of creation.” (Morris, The Twilight of Evolution, 1963, p. 56, 57).


“There is no sure way (except by divine revelation) of knowing the true age of any geologic formation.” ( Morris, Scientific Creationism, 1974, pp. 137-138).


“The only way we can determine the true age of the earth is for God to tell us what it is. And since He has told us, very plainly, in the Holy Scriptures that it is several thousand years in age, and no more, that ought to settle all basic questions of terrestrial chronology.” (H. Morris, Scientific Creationism, 1974, p. 94).


“There seems to be no possible way to avoid the conclusion that if the Bible and Christianity are rue at all, the geologic ages must be rejected altogether.” (Morris, Scientific Creationism, 1974 [1985 2nd ed.], p. 255).


“The data of geology, in our view, should be interpreted in light of Scripture, rather than distorting Scripture to accommodate current geological philosophy.” (Morris, Science, Scripture, and the Young Earth, p. 6).


“No geological difficulties, real or imagined, can be allowed to take precedence over the clear statements and necessary inferences of Scripture.” (Morris, Biblical Cosmology, page 33).

posted by Kumicit at 2011/12/07 08:30 | Comment(0) | TrackBack(0) | Creationism | このブログの読者になる | 更新情報をチェックする